Monday, 3 December 2012

COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

How do you count uncountable nouns? You can't, but you can measure them. You have to use ‘counters’

Noun






Uncountable

Sugar
Jewellery
Cheese
Wine
Furniture
Money
Uncountable Question
How much sugar is there?
How much jewellery is there?
How much cheese is there?
How much wine is there?
How much furniture is there?
How much money is there?
Answer
There's a lot of sugar.
There's some jewellery.
There's a lot of cheese.
There's some wine.
There's some furniture.
There's a lot of money.
Add a word
bowl
piece
round
bottle
piece
bag

Make it Countable

A bowl of sugar.
A piece of jewellery.
A round of cheese.
A bottle of wine.
A piece of furniture.
A bag of money.

Countable Question

How many bowls of sugar are there?
How many pieces of jewellery are there?
How many rounds of cheese are there?
How many bottles of wine are there?
How many pieces of furniture are there?
How many bags of money are there?

Answer

There's one bowl of sugar.
There are two pieces of jewellery.
There are three rounds of cheese.
There's only one bottle of wine.
There are two pieces of furniture.
There are four bags of money.

Other words you can add to make uncountable nouns countable:-

You can put something into a container to count it, but the thing you're counting doesn't take the plural form. The container takes the plural form:-
bag
A bag of money.
barrel
Two barrels of beer.
bottle
Three bottles of wine.
bowl
Four bowls of sugar.
box
Five boxes of cereal.
bucket
Six buckets of water.
can
Seven cans of Coke.
carton
Eight cartons of milk.
cup
Nine cups of coffee.
glass
Ten glasses of water.
jar
Eleven jars of honey.
packet
A dozen packets of butter.
a saucepan
Thirteen pans of rice.
tank
Fifteen tanks of petrol.
tin
Sixteen tins of custard.
tub
Seventeen tubs of margarine.
tube
Eighteen tubes of toothpaste.

You can measure something to count it, but it still doesn't take the plural form. The measurement takes the plural form:-
For example:-

litre
1 and a half litres of milk.
pint
Two pints of beer.
pound / ounce / kilo etc...
Two pounds / ounces / kilos of butter.

You can measure uncountable nouns in other ways, using shapes or portions. Again the measurement takes the plural form.


ball
Ten balls of wool.
bar
Three bars of soap.
pinch
Two pinches of salt.
slice
Five slices of cake.
spoon
Fourteen spoonfuls of sugar.
square
Ten squares of chocolate.

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