Sunday, 2 December 2012

FORMING GERUNDS

Here is a brief review of gerunds and how to form them.
Gerunds are nouns formed from verbs.
walking, talking, thinking, listening
Gerunds are formed by adding ING to verbs.
think + ing = thinking

Spelling Rules

There are a few spelling rules that you need to know in order to form gerunds correctly. The spelling of a gerund depends on the vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and consonants (b, c, d, f, etc.) at the end of the verb.
RuleExample
If there is more than one consonant, just add INGthink + ing = thinking
If there is more than one vowel, just add INGbeat + ing = beating
If there is one vowel and one consonant, and the syllable is stressed, double the consonant and add INGhit + t + ing = hitting
If there are one or more consonants and E, remove the E and add INGtake + ing = taking
In most other cases, just add INGstudy + ing = studying
see + ing = seeing

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